How Is Mattress Foam Made

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How Is Memory Foam Made?

Memory Foam Developed by NASA

The very first memory foam material was developed by NASA in the 1970s. Their intention was to try to improve seat cushioning and crash protection for airline pilots and passengers. Memory foam has widespread commercial applications, in addition to the popular mattresses and pillows you are familiar with today.

Anybody who has gone shopping for a bed, a new pillow, or even a new bicycle seat or mouse pad wrist rest in the last two decades will have encountered memory foam. This new material has been applied to a huge range of uses since its introduction to the US in 1991—from revolutionary medical uses to gimmicky new product designs. But what is it, who came up with it, and how does it work?

Though it is a relatively recent phenomenon in the US, memory foam has been around in various forms since the midpoint of the century—the first work on the polyurethane polymers that go into memory foam was actually begun in 1937 by Otto Bayer and his coworkers In 1965 the nursing staff at Lankenau Hospital tested “inert polyurethane porous foam” pads for use as bedding material, and found that they prevented “decubitus ulcers” (also known as pressure ulcers, sustained by patients who spend long amounts of time lying down), and found them to be hypoallergenic and resistant to bacteria (Kraus 1965). In the 1960s, NASA did work on materials that would serve as better cushions, and would also keep astronauts comfortable and protected from the extreme g-forces of lift off. It was then that memory foam as we know it came into being.

Memory Foam vs. Polyurethane Foam

Memory foam starts its life as polyurethane foam—a material first manufactured in the 1950s by adding water, halocarbons, or hydrocarbons to a polyurethane mix. Depending on the chemicals added and the way it is processed, polyurethane can form anything from car parts to spray liner, or in this case, one of the most comfortable sleeping surfaces the world has ever seen.

In the modern production of memory foam, a polyol is mixed with a diisocyanate and water. The foam rises like bread, with an open cell structure that helps give it its unique ability to spring back slowly from pressure. The introduction of gases into the initial solution creates a bubble matrix; vary the application of chemicals, and the size of the bubbles changes. A more open cell structure will have more give, and allow more airflow through the material.

Memory Foam Firmness

The firmness of memory foam is rated by the IFD (Indention Force Deflection), also known as ILD (Indentation Load Deflection) measuring the force in pounds required to make a 25% indentation in a 4 inch thick foam square. Also important in measuring the “softness” of a foam is the density. Foam densities range from 1-7 lbs, but a good-quality foam will usually be at least 4 and usually 5 lbs. A foam with a high density, but low ILD may still feel firm when compressed, especially in a lower room temperature. The density together with the IFD/ILD and the resilience will determine the softness, firmness, and life-span of the foam. Foam that is lower density will more readily conform to pressure, whereas higher density foam (usually 5-lb. or above) molds itself to contours when warmed by body heat.

Major production of memory foam did not begin until NASA released it into the public domain in the 1980s.Fagerdala World Foamstook up the challenge of producing this somewhat difficult product, and in 1991 produced the “Tempur-Pedic Swedish Mattress.” Today numerous companies around the world produce visco-elastic memory foam, which gives consumers increased variety and price range. Unfortunately, it also increases the risk of purchasing cheaply-made foams that may deteriorate over time. Not all memory foam is made equal, as many of the overseas manufacturers work at reducing the cost of memory foam by adding in other “filler” type ingredients that reduce the quality and potentially add toxicity to the formulation. The real problem with overseas foam is the lack of quality standards that have been created in the United States.

The Polysleep Mattress

You’ll never be this excited to go bed! The Polysleep offers the perfect balance of comfort and support, offering a better nights rest.

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The Polysleep Mattress

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Antimicrobial foam

Using antimicrobial foam, you’ll sleep sound knowing your mattress is working around-the-clock to protect you from bacteria and dust.

Offers unparalleled support

The Polysleep mattress features a built-in foam support frame. This gives true support around the edge of your mattress, and we’re the only company in the world that offers it!

Relieves pressure while you sleep

Our unique mixture of hybrid foam uses open cell technology. This provides support where you need it, while simultaneously reducing pressure points.

Our Service

100 Night Trial

Testing a mattress in-store for 10 minutes simply doesn’t work. You need at least 6 weeks to truly adjust, which is why we offer a 100 night trial.

Free Shipping & Simple Returns

We offer free shipping and deliver directly to your door step. Change your mind? No problem. We’ll pick it up for free & give you a full refund, it’s that easy.

10 Year Warranty

We’re so confident in the quality of our products, we offer a 10 year warranty to offer total peace of mind. Click here to learn more.

The ultimate canadian mattress

A Closer Look

  1. Go to Soft Liquid Repellent Cover
  2. Go to Breathable Top Layer
  3. Go to Proprietary Support Frame
  4. Go to Comfortable Transitional Layer
  5. Go to Supportive Foam Base
  6. Go to The Ultimate Polysleep Mattress
  • Soft Liquid Repellent Cover

Our proprietary, built-in support frame offers incredible support.

It keeps your mattress from flattening when you sit on the edge and reinforces the structure.

Products Specs

Measurements & dimensions

39” x 75” 10” – 41 lbs

39” x 80” 10” – 43.2 lbs

54” x 75” 10” – 54 lbs

60” x 80” 10” – 62 lbs

76” x 80” 10” – 80 lbs

72” x 84” 10” – 82.2 lbs

Materials

The Polysleep Mattress is made of 4 layers of foam, and measures 10" high.
Cover -41% Polyviscose, 58% Polyester, 1% Spandex – Liquid Repellent – Soft & Premium quality mesh
First Layer -Polysleep Ventilated Antimicrobial Viscoelastic Hybrid Foam – Density of 3.0lb / ft3 (Certified ISO 20743)
Second Layer -Transition Polyurethane Foam – Density of 1.8lb / ft3
Third Layer -Supportive Polyurethane Foam – Density of 1.8lb / ft3
Contour Layer -Proprietary Polyurethane Foam Support Frame – Density of 2.0lb / ft3

All our foams are latex free.

Certifications

Our foams are certified by theCertiPUR-US®program, meaning they are made without ozone depleting chemicals and regulated by the Consumer Product Safety Commision Low VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) emission for indoor air quality (less than 0.5 parts per million).

Country of origin

OurPolysleep mattressesare handcrafted in Montreal. Our suppliers have been carefully chosen for their knowledge and expertise, but also for their commitment to sustainable development. Even our boxes are made in Canada from recycled materials! In addition, no mattresses are destroyed, they benefit people in need or are fully recycled in the event of a return.

Warranty

In order to offer you peace of mind, we include a 10-year limited warranty on the Polysleep Mattress. Read more

Shipping info

Box dimensions -18" X 18" X 41"
Box weight -42 lbs up to 83 lbs
Our Mattresses are shipped via UPS Standard in the USA and Canada directly from our warehouse to your door. By doing this we cut out 3rd party distribution methods, lowering our carbon footprint.

Whenever the option is available, we try to use more ecological ways to deliver your products, such as bike courrier or electric vehicles.

Shipping costs

We offer free shipping and free returns* in Canada. For the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut, please note that there will be an added charge for shipping.

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A mattress that has it all

Every Polysleep mattress has quality features that are designed to provide a better sleep, while being affordable for everyone.

Did you know that the weight of a mattress can double in just a few years due to the build up of germs, sweat and dead skin cells?

That’s why we use our exclusive ISO 20743:2013 antimicrobial foam. It reduces the growth of bacteria that forms over time in your mattress.

You’ll benefit from a healthier sleeping surface and you extend the life of your mattress.

We’ve developed an industry-unique, foam support frame that wraps the perimeter of your mattress. No one else offers this incredibly important feature.

Why does it matter?

When you sit on the edge, it doesn’t flatten out. When you sleep, it provides better support = better rest = better day ahead.

Our liquid repellent cover is incredibly soft and machine washable, making it easy to remove and refresh!

Spill a morning coffee?

No worries – we’ve got you covered, literally.

Not only is a great rest important, but so is a healthy one!

Suffer from allergies?

Our Antimicrobial foam keeps dust and bacteria away, resulting in a healthier sleep.

How We’re Improving Sleep

Our mattress offers complete support from head to toe, wake up refreshed and energized!

Integrated Support Frame

Equal support for both the edges and centre of the mattress.

Premium Hybrid Foam

Our viscoelastic foam quickly recovers its shape, no more sinking!

Zero Motion Transfer

You’ll never experience the side effects of someone tossing and turning.

Ventilated Top Layer

The top layer is ventilated for better air circulation, allowing your body to breathe!

Reviews

The Polysleep Mattress Reviews

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What type of support foundation do you recommend for my Polysleep Mattress?

The more support you have under your mattress the better. We suggest you pair your Polysleep Mattress with our Ultimate Foundation

The slatted wood support in our Ultimate Foundation allows for maximum airflow, keeping you cooler and improving your sleep. That being said, all Polysleep Mattresses are designed to work with standard support frames.

Our customers say it’s like sleeping on Cloud9!

The Polysleep Mattress was designed to be the best of both worlds, offering incredible support and comfort that doesn’t break the bank.

After we’ve delivered your new Polysleep Mattress directly to your door, it’s pretty easy! Follow these 3 simple steps:

1 – Unbox your mattress (The cardboard box is 100% recyclable).

2 – Unroll your mattress and remove the shrink-wrap with the handy Poly-cutter (supplied in the box)

3 – Sit back and watch it magically expand, voilà!

4 (OPTIONAL!) – Make an art piece with your Polysleep Mattress box, and send us a photo!

we make it easy to

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Ultimate Sleep Collection

Matching Products

The Polysleep mattress

Owning a good mattress is essential to fully recharge your batteries. That’s why thePolysleep mattresswas designed to offer you better nights! With our foam mattress, you’ll wake up refreshed and relaxed every morning! Even more, you won’t have to go to the store, since we sell our mattresses online; once you submit your order, you’ll receive your mattress in a box, rolled (hurray for foam!) and this, no matter where you live in Canada! And for an even more convincing sleep experience, kill two birds with one stone by also purchasing aPolysleep pillow!

Available for all bed sizes—Twin, Twin XL, Full, Queen, King and Californian King—everyone can enjoy our mattresses! And when you buy aPolysleep mattress, you buy:

  • Revolutionary viscoelastic hybrid foam;
  • Antimicrobial material;
  • Many foam layers for optimal comfort;
  • At a fair and reasonable price.

Visco-whatchamacallit?

The viscoelastic hybrid foam that makes our foam mattress offers many advantages. First, it moulds itself to the shape of your body and identifies pressure points; then, the temperature and firmness of these exact spots are lowered in a few seconds. Its top layer promotes optimal air circulation to keep you dry and cool all night. Waking up sweaty in the middle of the night is a thing of the past with our foam mattress!

Keep microbes far from you!

In addition to keeping you cool, the top layer is antimicrobial, and bacteria will not multiply on your mattress! What better than staying healthy to enjoy even more restful sleep?

Foam, and even more foam!

But just the right amount, no more, no less! The different foam layers of our mattress each have their unique function and aren’t there just to look good! So, in all of our mattresses, you’ll find a base layer that reinforces the mattress and acts as a boxspring; a transition layer that provides support and helps to offer you restful nights; the famous top layer of ventilated viscoelastic hybrid foam that keeps you cool and dry, and moulds itself to your body; and lastly, an extra-firm frame that prevents the edges of the mattress from flattening out.

The cover is also made from a liquid-repellent material, very practical to prevent water or other liquids—like your morning coffee—from penetrating the mattress; it’ll give you time to get a towel to clean it up!

Our Polysleep mattresses in a box have proven themselves, and you’ll enjoy a trial period of 100 nights. If you’re not completely satisfied, you’ll only have to return it to us, and we’ll refund you. Don’t wait anymore and buy yourPolysleep mattressonline today!

Buying a Mattress Made in USA: The Ultimate Source List

Is buying a mattress on your list of things to do this year? A good mattress is an investment in your comfort and health, but it is also a good opportunity to buy American from a company you can trust. There are a surprising number of options. Don’t miss this list of American made mattresses to get you started on your search for the perfect one!

Don’t miss our source lists for American made bedding and made in USA organic bedding.

Buying a Mattress Made in USA

Aslan: 365 Night Trail, Infinite Warranty

Aslanis the only mattress company that offers a full 365 night trial with free returns on a product that is 100% made in the USA. They also offer an Infinite Warranty and will match other mattress warranties. Aslan medium-firm mattresses are made of 3 layers of state of the art CertiPUR-US Foam and offer ideal comfort and support for all body types. The top layer is made of beaded GEL Memory Foam, which provides temperature regulation and helps keep the body cool. Aslan mattresses also have great edge support, and are Zero Off-Gassing.Save 10% on Aslan mattress and pillow orders with promo code USALOVE.

BedInABox.com: The Original Mattress in a Box

For 12 yearsBedInABox.comhas been offering affordable luxury mattresses online. It is the oldest direct sale mattress company in the business. All BedInABox is the only box mattress company that manufactures it’s own foam cores in the USA and they are CertiPur-US® certified. Choose from mattresses for every sleep style and budget. BedInABox.com offers 120-night sleep trial. You pay nothing if you are not satisfied with a money back guarantee, just contact our onsite customer service center. Every mattress is covered with a 20 year warranty as BedInABox stands behind all products with an exceptional warranty. Get your new BedInABox mattress in only 2-5 days in the contiguous US as it is shipped right from the facility where every product is inspected for quality. Free shipping on all orders!15% off all BedinaBox.com orders (and an additional $25 off the Azul and Tranquillium mattresses) with discount code USALOVE through March 6, 2020. Valid on all Queen Size Mattresses and higher, with the exception of the PacBed Lite Mattress.

CRāVE: Luxury Foam and Spring Hybrid Mattresses

The CRāVE team knows that one mattress does NOT fit all which is whyCRāVEoffers four mattress styles to choose from. Two of CRāVE mattress styles are foam and spring hybrid mattresses- mattresses that provide comfort and support equal to traditional luxury spring mattresses, but at a lower price.CRāVE mattresses are Eco-friendly. All foams used are CertiPur-US® certified. Made in North Carolina, all materials used in CRāVE mattresses are sourced with in a 200 mile radius, reducing their carbon footprint. Receive the good night’s sleep you crave on an affordable, Eco-friendly, luxury mattress. CRāVE mattress offers free shipping too!

My Green Mattress: Non-Toxic Mattresses

My Green Mattressnon toxic mattresses are handcrafted in Illinois. All My Green Mattress mattresses are GREENGUARD Gold Certified, which considers safety factors for individuals with sensitivities and allergies. Instead of chemical laden flame retardants, My Green Mattress uses American Eco Wool as a natural flame barrier on it’s mattresses. The wool is sourced from California and Oregon. For its latex mattresses, My Green Mattress uses 100% GOLS (Global Organic Latex Standard) Certified Organic Dunlap latex. Dunlap latex is made from the sap of the rubber tree. My Green Mattress even offers a 100 night sleep trial.MyGreenMattresss discount code USALOVE saves you $125 off.

Factory Direct Mattresses

Did you know that you can get high-quality mattresses sent right to your door? I honestly had no clue until I started doing research for this list! Purchasing a mattress from an online-only retailer usually means that the mattress comes to you directly from the factory. This lowers the cost of the mattress by cutting out retail store costs. To make shipping easier, these mattresses come rolled up in an easy to handle box. I have to admit, I was a little wary about purchasing a mattress this way.

BearMattresssent me a twin size mattress to review. BearMattress gel memory foam mattresses are uniquely designed for optimal cooling, comfort, and healing. The mattress arrived right to my door via UPS.

The box was easy for me to move without the need of another person and contained easy to follow directions on how to remove the mattress. With the help of my kiddos, we removed the mattress from the box, followed the directions, and had the mattress ready to use in no time. Once we unrolled it, there was no evidence at all that the mattress had previously been rolled up.

BearMattress was specifically designed for those with an active lifestyle as it’s engineered with four layers of foam to promote healing, cooling and to increase energy levels. Active, I am not, so this review is limited on that aspect. However, the day that the mattress arrived I had been on a hike with the hubby that included going up and down a large hill which normally would have resulted in sore muscles the next day. Coincidence or not, after sleeping on the BearMattress that night (and having a great night’s sleep), I did not have a spot of soreness.

My daughter is the one who has been sleeping on the mattress since. She is the person in the family who is always hot, and she would often wake up during the night from being too hot (even in the winter). This has not been happening since she has had this mattress. For our first online mattress experience, BearMattress has set the bar high!

Buying a Mattress Made in USA: Ultimate Source List

Many of the companies on this list are online only stores. This list is always growing, so check back often. If you have a favorite American made mattress company that you don’t see on our list, let us know in the comments and we will add it.

  • 4Sleepoffers luxury foam mattresses.
  • Agilityhybrid mattress was designed with moms in mind.
  • Ameena Mattressare factory direct and manufactured in Georgia (the covers are made in North Carolina) from CertiPur-US certified memory foam.
  • Amerisleepis a maker of natural memory foam mattresses.
  • Amore Bedsmattresses are available with organic cotton fabric, split mattress firmness. Also available: 2 sided flippable mattresses and coil hybrid mattresses.
  • AslanGEL infused memory foam Certi-pure USA certified mattresses are made in the USA and come with a 365 Night Trial.Learn more about Aslan mattresses at the top of this post.
  • Avocadomattresses are made with natural and organic materials in California.
  • BearMattressmemory gel foam mattresses are specifically designed for athletes and those with active lifestyles. See review above.
  • BedinABox.comis an online retailer and manufacturer of memory foam mattresses, located in Tennessee. The Serenity mattress is pictured below.Learn more about this made in USA Mattress company at the top of this post.15% off all BedinaBox.com orders (and an additional $25 off the Azul and Tranquillium mattresses) with discount code USALOVE through March 6, 2020. Valid on all Queen Size Mattresses and higher, with the exception of the PacBed Lite Mattress.
  • Brentwood Homememory foam, latex, spring, and foundation mattresses (quilts, pillows and pet beds too) are made in California.
  • Brooklyn Beddingfactory direct mattresses, pillows and sheets are made in Arizona.
  • Caspermattresses, pillows and sheets are made in the USA and factory-direct.
  • Cocoon by Sealymattresses are assembled in the USA.
  • Colgatemanufactures crib, changing table, and bassinet mattresses.
  • Cozy Puremanufactures organic pillows, sheets, blankets, and toppers in Norfolk, Virginia.
  • CRāVE Mattressfoam and innerspring mattresses are Eco-friendly and made in North Carolina.Learn more about CRāVE Mattress at the top of this article.
  • Create A Mattressmanufactures made to order memory foam, latex, futon, and pillow-top mattresses in the USA.
  • Diamond Mattressbrands includeRallyand Diamond. Diamond Mattress has been making mattresses in the USA since 1946.
  • Dromma BedEco-friendly mattresses are made in the USA from natural materials.
  • Easy Restadjustable mattresses are made in the USA.
  • Eco Terrahybrid mattresses are made in California from 100% talalay latex and have fabric encased coils.
  • Elementfactory-direct memory foam mattresses are 100% American made.
  • eLuxuryis an online retailer of bedding products. Not all products are American made, but they have a selection of pillows, mattresses, and toppers that are.
  • Envi3 layered mattresses are made in Portland.
  • Everlaymattresses, pillows, and even pet beds are made in California.

  • Freedom Sleepmattresses are affordable and American made
  • GhostBedGel memory foam and latex mattresses by Nature’s Sleep. Foundation/box spring also made in USA.
  • Helixpersonalized mattresses are made to order.
  • HIBRmanufactures cooling memory foam mattress, made in America.
  • Hyphenmattress is designed for a cool, clean, supportive sleep.
  • Kiss Mattressmemory foam and latex mattresses are made in USA.
  • Leesafoam mattresses for everybody. For every 10 mattresses sold Leesa donates one mattress to a shelter.
  • Lilybedmattress is designed for women, made in Vermont
  • Loom & Leafby Saatva. These ultra–luxury mattresses are made from a plant-based foam
  • Luxiis a luxury foam mattress that adapts to your body’s needs
  • Memobedluxury hybrid copper infused mattress, made in California
  • My Green Mattressnon-toxic mattresses are handcrafted in Illinois. The Hope latex mattress pictured below is made from certified organic Dunlap latex, made from the sap of the rubber tree.Learn more about My Green Mattress at the top of this post.MyGreenMattresss discount code USALOVE saves you $125 off.
  • MyPillowmakes a mattress too- 10″ and 4 layers.
  • Nest Beddingsells American made organic mattresses, sheets, pillows, blankets, and comforters.
  • Newtonbreathable crib mattresses are made in Tennessee.
  • NolahEvery part of the mail order Nolah foam mattress is made in the USA in one of their 8 factories.
  • Novosbeddesigner luxury memory foam mattresses are made in Pennsylvania.
  • Pacific Mattress Co.float foam mattresses are made in California.
  • PangeaBedmanufactures copper infused Talalay latex mattresses.
  • PerformaSleepmattresses are handcrafted in the USA. The foam is made in Georgia and the covering materials in South Carolina.
  • Plushbedsflagship product is the Botanical Bliss American made organic latex mattress – a custom-made, hand-crafted, adjustable firmness model with a 25-year warranty. PlushBeds offers free shipping and a completely risk-free money-back guarantee.

  • Puffyfoam mattresses are American made.
  • PuraSleepmemory foam mattress and pillows are American made.
  • Purpleoffers no pressure mattresses, made in USA.
  • Quilbedmanufactures gel memory mattresses.
  • Real Sleep by Real Simplemattresses are 100% made and designed in the USA
  • Saatvais the only online mattress brand that manufactures and sells ultra-premium innerspring mattresses.
  • Sertamattresses are available in 7 sizes from crib to Cal King. Serta has 24 factories throughout the USA.
  • Spoonmattresses are memory foam.
  • Spindlenatural latex mattresses are made in Massachusetts.
  • Stumptown Mattressmattresses are affordable and made in the pacific northwest.
  • Summerfieldmade in New York and developed by the owners of the mattress store Craig’s Bed.
  • Sure2Sleepoffers plush gel memory foam mattresses
  • Tangomattresses are 2 sided- plush on one side, firm on the other
  • tulomattresses are available in multiple firmnesses and can be purchased in store AND online.
  • Tuft & NeedleAdaptive Foam mattresses are made in California from materials sourced throughout the USA.
  • Warrior Bed Companymanufactutures Certipur-US memory foam and gel mattresses in Mississippi.
  • WinkBedshybrid premium mattress, made in USA
  • Yoga Bedluxury gel memory foam mattresses
  • ZenBedGEL infused hybrid memory foam mattress are American made
  • Zenhavenby Saatva affordable luxury natural latex mattresses made in USA with organic cotton and wool.
  • Zottooffers hybrid foam mattress and mattress topper.

Disclosure: This is a sponsored post which USA Love List is proud to share with you because, sponsored or not, we only share stuff we love.

How Mattresses Are Made

This content was created by the National Sleep Foundation

Mattress construction from the inside-out

If reading about mattress construction sounds like a real, ahem, snooze, know this: The way a mattress is made determines how it feels. And how a mattress feels may be the difference between a fitful night and peaceful slumber!

The Big Picture

Two basic types of mattress make up the vast majority of the market: They’re called innerspring and memory foam. Made of steel coils, innerspring is, by far, the most common type. Memory foam, on the other hand, is made from polyurethane or latex foam, and is very dense foam. Memory foam is usually more expensive than innerspring.

Inside an Innerspring Mattress

Coils determine how much support (suspension versus springiness) the mattress will give. Manufacturers may use different types of coil shapes and structures, as well as different amounts of spacing and patterns to affect comfort. The next layer, top padding, isusually made from polyurethane foam. The outer layer (or ticking) is the material bound to the top padding with stitching. The way that ticking and top padding are attached influences the mattress’s overall feel. Large, wide patterns will create a cushioned feel, which smaller patterns feel tighter and firmer. Generally, the more coils an innerspring mattress contains, the more comfortable it’s bound to be—but if the number of coils is over 390, then you’re not likely to notice the difference, so don’t bother paying extra.

Inside a Memory Foam Mattress

Especially attractive to people with chronic pain conditions, memory foam mattresses consist of, essentially, very dense foam. When you lie on a foam mattress, your body heat softens the material, allowing it to “mold” to your body. One big advantage: In bigger beds, a memory foam mattress won’t shift as much as an innerspring when one partner turns or moves. So if you’re often disturbed by your partner’s tossing and turning in the middle of the night, it might be time to invest in a memory foam mattress. But one con: Because these mattresses mold to your body, they can absorb a lot of heat and make you feel hotter while you sleep. Some people also complain that they have a chemical smell.

What’s in a Mattress Anyway? Peeling Back the Layers of Quality Sleep

Have you ever wondered what a mattress is made of? Or how memory foam is made? Or the difference between a quilted mattress vs. spring mattress? As your mom always said, it’s what’s on the inside that counts.

When considering your mattress options, you may wonder what’s going on beneath the fabric that makes it feel like you’re sleeping on clouds. Below is a thorough overview of the various materials that go into making a mattress so the next time you walk into a mattress store you can tell the salesperson exactly what you’re looking for, down to the foam type! The following materials found in many different types of mattresses are some of the key ingredients to a good night’s sleep.

The Most Common Materials In All Mattresses

A soft, movement-absorbing material that helps with temperature regulation and pressure point relief. Some common types of foam include memory foam, gel memory foam, polyurethane foam, and viscoelastic foam (also known as "rebounded foam").

Polyester Batting

Used as a filling in pillowtop mattresses and mattress covers.

Can be found in some mattresses for extra padding and temperature regulation.

Cotton

A breathable material used both inside and outside of the mattress.

Adhesives

Used in mattresses to bond layers, materials and seams together for the perfect fit. Quilting is often used in combination with adhesives to further strengthen the bond between layers.

Flame Retardants

Found in all mattresses sold in the United States due to flammability laws for fire resistance.

Steel Coils

Either formed as open coils or individually wrapped coils (also called pocketed coils), these are a key structural component that establish firm support at the base of the mattress.

Now that you know the most common mattress materials, let’s get more specific about what goes into the three most popular mattress types: innerspring, memory foam, and hybrid mattresses.

What is a Memory Foam Mattress made of?

These mattresses are known for lush layers of memory foam and polyurethane material which conform to your body. A newer addition to the memory foam family is gel memory foam which acts as a phase changing material (PCM).

On a spectrum from hard to soft, specialty foam layers work together to relieve pressure points from your joints and balance your body temperature. These layers conform to your body shape and absorb movement so you sleep undisturbed.

Memory Foam Mattress Cover Materials

Covers used on memory foam mattresses are typically stretch knit covers that allow you to settle comfortably into the foam. With the cover working its magic on top, higher density foams are used as the core layer of the bed to provide support. These beds do not have coils in them! This benefit is great for those who prefer to settle into the mattress with less of a bounce factor because the firmer core layer of foam helps provide a balanced support system.

What is this high-density foam core made of exactly? They are usually made of polyurethane, but can sometimes be made of more natural materials like soy-based foams or latex.

Since they don’t have coils, memory foam mattresses don’t need a foam encasement for edge support to hold the bed together. Some foam mattresses have firmer foam near the edge of the bed, but this is not necessary for support since the high-density foam offers even support throughout.

What is an Innerspring Mattress made of?

Innerspring mattresses come in two different systems: open coil or individually pocketed springs. The outer quilting is typically made of traditional cotton fabric blends that give each mattress a unique look, fitted with steel coil springs for a firm base support.

It’s important to remember that the number of coils doesn’t always amount to the same level of comfort from one mattress to the next, but plays a role in reducing motion transfer and offering support.

Each manufacturer uses different designs and support techniques to achieve this result, often including layers of polyurethane foam and filling inside the mattress. However, more luxurious innerspring mattresses will use other kinds of foam, including memory foam, gel memory foam and latex materials.

Innerspring Mattress Cover Materials

Cover materials can range from polyester to cotton or stretch knit, each one specifically designed to be soft and breathable. Fun fact: the tighter the cover, the firmer the bed will feel.

When you wake up and get ready for the day, edge support materials are important — especially if you prefer to put your shoes on while sitting at the edge of the bed! These materials range from thick metal rods to foam inserts and encasements. The more edge support you have, the more sleep (and sitting!) surface available.

What is a Hybrid Mattress made of?

Hybrid beds are among the latest and greatest options on the market for better sleep thanks to the many unique benefits hybrid mattresses offer. Specifically, they combine a 50/50 ratio of individually wrapped coils with memory foam to offer the best of both.

The coils offer support, while memory foam and gel memory foam layers conform to posture and regulate body temperature. Cotton fabric blends are added to protect the bed. You get the best of both mattress types above in the hybrid, plus personalized materials that are going to work together to help you get a good night’s sleep.

Hybrid Mattress Cover Materials

Hybrids tend to have a more elastic mattress cover so as not to interfere with the conforming benefits of the memory foam layers. Further enhancements to hybrid collections showcase foam encasements, made from high-density foam, which supports the edges of the mattress.

Knowing the basic building blocks of your mattress can help you ensure that your next bed has all your favorite ingredients for good night’s sleep.

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The sheets are crisp and cool, the pillows fluffed and fresh, the lights are dim or off. But if you haven’t covered your mattress with a protector, you’re not 100 percent in the healthy sleep zone.

Finding a mattress can be a struggle, especially when there are so many bed options to choose from. To simplify your mattress search, we’ve put together a list of the top consumer rated mattresses. Ranked in terms of value, quality and of course, comfort, these beds have been praised highly by real Mattress Firm customers.

The best leggings for yogis. The best gift for a new mom. Everyone wants the best in life, and mattresses are no exception. It’s time to put the debate over the best mattress for back sleepers to rest. Although back sleepers can typically sleep on any mattress, many complain of back pain or a lack of conformance. Contrary to popular belief, firm mattresses aren’t necessarily the best type of mattress for back sleepers. In fact, sleeping on surfaces that are too hard can lead to concentrated areas of pressure, which causes discomfort.

How to Find the Best Rated Mattress for You

To help you make the right choice for your friends and family, regardless of sleep-style, we are here to take the guess-work out of guest room mattresses.

When it comes to mattresses, there’s a lot of choice. Luckily, we at Mattress Firm can help you narrow it down to your perfect match. One brand that we love for its ability to deliver the ultimate sleep experience is Tempur-Pedic®. Their mattresses are proven to provide an incredible amount of pressure relief and motion isolation for a great night’s sleep, every night. Tempur-Pedic® + Mattress Firm = a match made in sleep heaven? We think so—here’s why.

Back pain can be debilitating, turning what would otherwise be a full night’s rest into a night of tossing and turning. And, what’s worse is a night of restless sleeping makes it nearly impossible to get comfortable and catch the Zzz’s you need.

From tossing and turning to bad dreams and racing thoughts, there’s a lot that can get in the way of the perfect night’s sleep — especially when your stress and anxiety levels are at an all time high. Sometimes, no matter how tired we can get, our bodies and our minds can keep us from getting the sleep we so desperately need.

If you’re in the market to buy a new mattress, but are on a budget, you may be worried that finding an affordable mattress may limit your selection. Rest assured, there are many different mattresses that are suited to fit any budget and sleep style.

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1 Offer valid 3/11/20 – 4/28/20. Savings applied to our low price. Savings vary by mattress and model (max savings up to $400). Product selection may vary by store. Offer not valid on previous purchases, floor models, clearance items, final markdown, Purple, tulo, iComfort, Tempur-Pedic, Stearns & Foster or Sealy Hybrid. Other exclusions may apply. Cannot be combined with any other offers. Limited quantities available; offer valid while supplies last. Visit a store, call (877) 348-1012 or chat online for complete details.

2 Extra 25% off sitewide on qualifying items. Additional savings is applied to listed sale price. Offer not valid on previous purchases, Purple, iComfort, Tempur-Pedic, Stearns & Foster, Sealy Hybrid, Nectar or DreamCloud. Other exclusions may apply. Products & offer may vary by location. No cash value. Visit a store, call (877) 348-1012 or chat online for complete details.

3 Offer valid 3/27/20 – 4/28/20. Receive a free Head Up 50 adjustable base (up to a $499.99 value) with select mattress purchases with minimum $999 purchase. Free adjustable base offer valid on same size mattress purchased. Split king or split California king base purchases consist of 2 bases. For split king or split California king purchases, consumer will receive one free adjustable base with promotion, with second base at regular price. Free adjustable base offer valid to complete mattress set, has no cash value and cannot be used as credit. Offer not valid on previous purchases, floor models, clearance items, final markdown, weekly deals, daily deals, Purple, tulo, iComfort, Tempur-Pedic, Stearns & Foster, Sealy Hybrid, Nectar or DreamCloud. Other exclusions may apply. Adjustable bases not eligible for returns price of adjustable base (up to $499.99) will be deducted from refund if mattress is returned. Adjustable base may be pictured with furniture bed frame and headboard not included with offer. Limited quantities available offer valid while supplies last at participating locations. Visit a store, call (877) 348-1012 or chat online for complete details.

4 Receive a $300 Instant Gift with purchase of select mattresses in store or online. Purchase select Tempur-Pedic mattresses and receive a $300 Instant Gift or purchase select Stearns & Foster or Sealy mattresses and receive a $200 Instant Gift. Select your Instant Gift from your choice of sleep accessories. Sleep accessories must be added to the same transaction as the qualifying mattress purchase. Offer has no cash value and value cannot be carried over any value not used at time of transaction will be surrendered. Offer not valid on previous purchases, floor models, clearance items or final markdown. Other exclusions may apply. Value of accessories received (up to $300) will be deducted from refund if mattress is returned. Offer valid while supplies last at participating locations. Visit a store, call (877) 348-1012 or chat online for complete details.

5 Offer valid 3/22/20 – 4/19/20 at participating locations only. Save 10% on any size 2019 Stearns & Foster® mattress. Selection may vary by retail location. Certain offers may not be combined. Not valid on prior purchases. Visit a store, call (877) 348-1012 or chat online for complete details.

0% APR: 5 years* with a minimum purchase of $2799, 4 years* with a minimum purchase of $1999, 3 years* with a minimum purchase of $1299, 2 years* with a minimum purchase of $999 on your Mattress Firm credit card 60, 48, 36 or 24 equal monthly payments required. *Offer valid 3/11/20 – 4/28/20. Qualifying purchase amount must be on one receipt. No interest will be charged and equal monthly payments are required on promo purchase until it is paid in full. These payments equal the total promo purchase amount divided by the number of months in the promo period and rounded up to the next whole dollar. These payments may be higher than the payments that would be required if this purchase was a non-promo purchase. Regular account terms apply to non-promo purchases. Down payment equal to sales tax and delivery may be required at point of purchase. For new accounts: Purchase APR is 29.99%. Minimum interest charge is $2. Existing cardholders: See your credit card agreement terms. Subject to credit approval.View payment options.

The advertised service is a rental or lease purchase agreement provided by Prog Leasing, LLC, or its affiliates. It is not a loan, credit or financing. While no credit history is required, Progressive obtains information from consumer reporting agencies in connection with lease application. Acquiring ownership by leasing costs more than retailer’s cash price. Not available in MN, NJ, VT, WI, or WY. Merchant participating locations only. Leasing available on select items. Not all applicants are approved. See lease for details.

Mattress Firm is proud to support both current and veteran military members as well as first responders. Save 10% off purchases with valid military/first responder ID. Savings applied to listed sale prices. Offer not valid on previous purchases, floor models, clearance items, final markdown, Purple, tulo, iComfort, Tempur-Pedic, Stearns & Foster or Sealy. Offer valid at participating locations only. Visit a store, call (877) 349-1012 or chat online for complete details.

*Among traditional mattress brands based on 2017-2019 Tempur Sealy Brand Tracker Report

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